The full form of GDP is Gross Domestic Product. It is the total market value of all the goods, products, and services produced within a country in a specific duration of time. It is used to measure the size of an economy and the overall growth or decline in a nation’s economy. It indicates the economic health of a country. It specifies the living standard of the people of a specific country, i.e., as the GDP increases, the living standard of the people of that country increases. A country having good GDP is considered a good country for living purposes.
- 1 What is GDP?
- 2 History of GDP
- 3 Why GDP is Important?
- 4 How to calculate GDP?
- 5 How GDP Affects the Economy?
- 6 How to Maximize GDP?
- 7 Conclusion
- 8 Other Popular GDP full form
- 9 A Quick FAQ to GDP
What is GDP?
It is the gross value of all the inputs for a production process in an economy, including labour, land, raw materials, equipment, and other expenses required to bring the total output to a value of one dollar. Also known as national income, GDP is a measure of income and is essentially an aggregate measure of how much an economy is producing. Why GDP? The primary purpose of calculating GDP is to account for the value of all goods and services produced in a country, calculated over a specified period and usually calculated by comparing the value of goods and services with their prices. Types of GDP GDP are often expressed in the gross domestic product, i.e., the total value of the goods and services produced in a given time and is usually in constant prices.
History of GDP
William Petty gave the basic concept of GDP to defend the landlords from unfair taxation between the English and the Dutch between 1652 and 1674. Later, Charles Davenant further developed this method. Their modern concept was first established in 1934 by Simon Kuznets. It became the principal tool for measuring a country’s economy after the Bretton Woods conference in 1944.
Why GDP is Important?
The GDP is required to generate tax revenues, ensuring that the government can provide public goods and services such as education, healthcare, infrastructure, etc. Such services are essential for a country to flourish economically. Also, GDP includes information on a nation’s trade, which is also crucial for making economic decisions. For example, the GDP provides information on the amount of trade that the country has with other countries. It also includes information on the foreign investment that a country has received and how well it has been able to use these funds for investments, human resource development, creating jobs, etc. The excellent aspect of GDP is that it brings out the recent changes in a country’s economy.
How to calculate GDP?
There are several methods for measuring the country’s GDP, and it’s essential to know all the various forms and how they’re used. Following are the three approaches to calculate GDP.
The income method estimates the overall revenue received by production factors: labour and capital within a country’s national boundaries. According to the input method
GDP = A + T – S
A = GDP at Factor expense
T = Taxes
S = Subsidies
The output method measures the market value of all goods and services produced within the country’s borders. To prevent a skewed calculation of GDP due to price level adjustments, GDP is measured at constant prices or actual GDP. According to the output system
GDP = B – T + S
B – GDP at a constant prize or real GDP
T – Taxes
S – Subsidies
Includes testing expenditure on goods and services incurred by all individuals within a country’s domestic boundaries. According to the expenditure system
GDP = C + I + G + NX
C – Personal consumption expenditure
I – Business investment
G – Government spending
X – Exports
M – Imports
NX = (X – M), which is a net export.
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How GDP Affects the Economy?
GDP uses the number of goods, services, and assets produced by a country in a specific period. It means the number of goods and support in a country that is used in a particular period. The two aspects of GDP that help determine how the economy is being affected are GDP as a percent of Gross Domestic Product, which is the percentage of total GDP of that period. This percentage indicates the change of the economy within that period. A high percentage of GDP as a percent of GDP is considered good, while a low percentage is terrible. It can be a large percentage of the government is spending a large amount of money to improve the country’s infrastructure, while it can be a low percentage of the GDP is not growing at a reasonable rate.
How to Maximize GDP?
Although we have already mentioned that GDP is a quantitative measure, it can be stated that GDP is not a well-known term. What is well known to us is that we need to maximize GDP. What we need to do is to maximize growth. For example, a group of people wants to increase their sales by 10% per year. If each group member increases their sales by 5%, their sales can grow to 105%. But if the industry employs 50% more people, they will reach 105% of their sales in 10 years, and the group will increase sales by 10% per year. So to achieve a high rate of sales, the GDP is maximized. GDP is a rough measure of all economic activities in a country.
Although India is on the path to becoming a significant economic power, it is yet to achieve a full measure of economic growth. Progressing at a reasonable pace, however, is encouraging. The path ahead for India is through higher economic growth, which will ensure a better standard of living for the people. The economic policies and the business climate in India are getting noticed globally. The current business climate in India has the potential to make it an economic powerhouse.
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A Quick FAQ to GDP
What is the full form of GDP?
GDP full form stands for Gross Domestic Product.
What is GDP and how is it calculated?
GDP can be calculated by adding up all of the money spent by consumers, businesses, and the government in a given period. It may also be calculated by adding up all of the money received by all the participants in the economy. In either case, the number is an estimate of “nominal GDP.”
What are the 3 types of GDP?
1. Real Gross Domestic Product: Real GDP is the GDP after inflation has been taken into account.
2. Nominal Gross Domestic Product: Nominal GDP is the GDP at current prices (i.e. with inflation).
3. Gross National Product (GNP)
4. Net Gross Domestic Product
WHO calculates the GDP of India?
The Central Statistics Office coordinates with various federal and state government agencies and departments to collect and compile the data required to calculate the GDP and other statistics.
Which country has the highest GDP?
United States has the highest GDP.
Is a high GDP good or bad?
Economists traditionally use the gross domestic product (GDP) to measure economic progress. If GDP is rising, the economy is in solid shape, and the nation is moving forward. On the other hand, if the gross domestic product is falling, the economy might be in trouble, and the nation is losing ground.
Is India a developed country?
India is an emerging and developing country (EDC) found in southern Asia. … India is an example of a country that has become richer. The population of India in 2016 was approximately 1.3 billion people, and a recent United Nations report predicts that India will overtake China as the most populous country in 2022.