The full form of ATM is an Automated teller Machine. It is an electro-mechanical machine that consists of automated banking platforms that allow clients to perform smooth transactions without the assistance of a branch representative or teller. A debit card or credit cardholder should be able to withdraw cash at most ATMs.
- 1 What is an ATM?
- 2 How does one use an ATM?
- 3 Basic Parts of ATM
- 4 Working Principle of ATM
- 5 Advantages of using an ATM
- 6 Disadvantages of using an ATM
- 7 Conclusion
- 8 A Quick FAQ to ATM
What is an ATM?
You can think of an ATM as a switchboard with a computer. An automated banking platform gets installed on a server, which has information about the customers’ cards. And when a client enters the bank, a software package scans the customer’s debit or credit card and checks for the cardholder’s signature and signature of the authorized signatory. It will also check for any fraud incident or tampering so that the customers’ cards get authorized. If the cards are not damaged, they will be issued. What are the fees associated with ATMs? With the increased usage of automated banking platforms, the banks are charging a fair fee for every transaction made. ATM fees vary based on the type of card, bank, type of currency, and the card issuer and location of the ATM.
How does one use an ATM?
ATM cards are usually issued by various banks or through their app. Banks keep money in ATMs that customers visit. Some banks have been upgrading to provide newer and safer ATMs so that their customers could be a bit safer. The client can open the ATM in their bank and request to withdraw cash. However, to be safe, one should always withdraw at the bank where the cash is deposited. It is best to withdraw as little as possible, as there could be some hidden charges if one does not use a bank account at their ATM. It should be noted that customers usually prefer a touchless ATM. This means that it does not require them to insert cash into the ATM’s chute; the card reader scans its QR code.
What are the features of an ATM?
- Advancement in technology, many devices have advanced since their first installation in 1991; at that time, there were only a couple of ATMs in the world; now, people can withdraw cash anytime they want.
- Different shapes and formats.
- some machines allow clients to withdraw cash only up to a certain amount depending on their bank policy, so they can’t withdraw cash more than their bank policy says.
- Automated service for clients 5.Operating hours These are some of the features of an ATM.
- Automated service for clients When a bank first introduced ATM, some machines had poor service. An account officer (AO) would say something, and the machine would switch on, but no money would be dispensed. That is called manual service.
Various Types of ATM
There are mainly two types of ATMs.
- Basic units permit only cash withdrawal by clients and provide updated account balances.
- The more complicated machines can also deposit cash, facilitate credit line payments and transfers, and access account details.
Basic Parts of ATM
The ATM is easy to use. It contains input and output tools, allowing people to deposit or withdraw money comfortably. Underneath are the essential output and input devices of an ATM.
Card reader – Card reader recognizes the card data stored on the ATM card in the magnetic stripe located on the back. The card reader collects the account details and sends them to the server once the card is inserted in the specified location. The cash dispenser allows the cash to be dispensed based on account information and the commands obtained from the user server.
Keypad – Keypad helps the user with the requested data from the machine such as personal ID number, cash amount, receipt needed or no needed and other information. In the encrypted form, the PIN is sent to the server.
Speaker – Speaker, is available in the ATM to generate the audio input when a button is pressed.
Display Screen – Displays details on the screen concerning the transaction. It indicates the steps of cash withdrawal, one by one in order. The screen may be CRT or LCD.
Receipt Printer – A receipt shows you information about the transactions printed on it. It informs you of the time and date of the transaction, balance and withdrawal amount, etc.
Cash Dispenser – The cash dispenser is the ATM’s essential output tool as it hands out the cash. The highly accurate sensors provided in the ATM allow the cash dispenser to administer the appropriate cash amount as the consumer needs.
Working Principle of ATM
You need to insert plastic ATM cards inside the ATMs to start ATM operating. You have to drop your cards on some machines, and some machines require card swapping. These ATM cards contain your account details and other security information on the magnetic stripe. When you drop or swap your card, the computer receives details about your account and requests for your PIN No. Once the authentication is valid, machines will permit cash transactions.
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Advantages of using an ATM
- ATM service is available 24 ✕ 7.
- It reduces the work pressure on bank staff.
- For travellers, ATMs are more useful.
- ATM gives service without any error.
Disadvantages of using an ATM
In general, people worldwide prefer the services of an ATM because of the various advantages it offers, such as convenience, faster, secure, user-friendly and fast. There are some disadvantages though which people find annoying while using an ATM; here are some of the points that people consider while selecting the right ATM: Exclusive ATM With exclusive ATMs the people have to go through a separate ticketing and authorization process whereas in case of a normal machine the entire transaction is done with just one ticket. When a client visits an ATM which is exclusive, he will be required to insert his bank cards for verification, and after it successfully scans a card, the machine will issue a receipt.
In conclusion, ATM is a device that allows you to withdraw cash from it. So, you need to know the latest developments of the ATM and have a clear idea about the functions.
A Quick FAQ to ATM
What is the full form of ATM and PIN?
The full form of ATM is ‘Automated Teller Machine’. In ATMs, the customer is identified by inserting a plastic ATM card with a magnetic stripe that contains a unique card number and some security information. Authentication is provided by the customer entering a Personal Identification Number (PIN).
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What’s an ATM card?
An ATM card is a bank card used to access an ATM. Virtually everyone who has a checking account also has a card that can be used at an ATM, in the form of a debit or credit card. However, some banks also issue ATM-only cards, which can’t be directly used for making purchases.
How much money is in an ATM?
The average ATM can hold as much as $200,000, though few normally do. In off-hours, most machines contain less than $10,000. Even so, big score ATM thefts have likely only made the crime more popular. The maximum capacity for an ATM machine is usually about $20,000.
Are there cameras in ATM machines?
As a result, most ATMs today have built-in cameras, to record evidence in case of a mugging or other crime, or to monitor people who might be tampering with the machine. Thieves can install small cameras in different places on an ATM, sometimes hidden by plastic panels that look like normal parts of the machine.