Dear readers, these C Programming Interview Questions have been designed specially to get you acquainted with the nature of questions you may encounter during your interview for the subject of C Programming. As per my experience, good interviewers hardly plan to ask any particular question during your interview; normally, questions start with some basic concept of the subject, and later they continue based on further discussion and what you answer.
Let us start with some well-known questions about C programming; then, we will discuss the other kinds of questions. As we move ahead, we will discuss the role of other subjects like algorithms, Data Structures, Memory Management, Debugging. The tips to focus more on memory management and to debug may be applicable for all the given subjects as long as explained understandably. Select the Modulus operation An example of a question related to modulus operation and its value. Yes, we are talking about some particular modulus operation, the one that in some situations is undefined, or some reasoning is required to compute the result of the operation. Also Read: Top HR Interview Questions and Answers
The following list of C Programming Interview Questions and Answers is derived from tests prepared by successful candidates Questions to be prepared by a C Programming Interview If you are getting ready for your Computer Programming Interview, these questions will help you a great deal. We hope that this article will help you prepare for your interview. This is the official site of the Australian Bureau of Statistics. They hold excellent and popular Computer Programming Interview Questions and Answers.
Having graduated in Computer Science, I believe that the best way to develop a good resume is to keep writing software for different applications. Having been inspired by the great code and the stories I have heard from my friends, I am sharing the list of my favorite interview questions.
A list of 100 top frequently asked C programming interview questions and answers are given below.
C Programming Interview Questions
1) What is C language?
C is a mid-level and procedural programming language. The Procedural programming language is also known as the structured programming language is a technique in which large programs are broken down into smaller modules, and each module uses structured code. This technique minimizes error and misinterpretation.
2) Why is C known as a mother language?
3) Why is C called a mid-level programming language?
C is called a mid-level programming language because it binds the low level and high -level programming language. We can use C language as a System programming to develop the operating system as well as an Application programming to generate menu driven customer driven billing system.
4) Who is the founder of C language?
5) When was C language developed?
C language was developed in 1972 at bell laboratories of AT&T.
6) What are the features of the C language?
The main features of C language are given below:
- Simple: C is a simple language because it follows the structured approach, i.e., a program is broken into parts
- Portable: C is highly portable means that once the program is written can be run on any machine with little or no modifications.
- Mid Level: C is a mid-level programming language as it combines the low- level language with the features of the high-level language.
- Structured: C is a structured language as the C program is broken into parts.
- Fast Speed: C language is very fast as it uses a powerful set of data types and operators.
- Memory Management: C provides an inbuilt memory function that saves the memory and improves the efficiency of our program.
- Extensible: C is an extensible language as it can adopt new features in the future.
7) What is the use of printf() and scanf() functions?
printf(): The printf() function is used to print the integer, character, float and string values on to the screen.
Following are the format specifier:
- %d: It is a format specifier used to print an integer value.
- %s: It is a format specifier used to print a string.
- %c: It is a format specifier used to display a character value.
- %f: It is a format specifier used to display a floating point value.
scanf(): The scanf() function is used to take input from the user.
8) What is the difference between the local variable and global variable in C?
Following are the differences between a local variable and global variable:
|Basis for comparison||Local variable||Global variable|
|Declaration||A variable which is declared inside function or block is known as a local variable.||A variable which is declared outside function or block is known as a global variable.|
|Scope||The scope of a variable is available within a function in which they are declared.||The scope of a variable is available throughout the program.|
|Access||Variables can be accessed only by those statements inside a function in which they are declared.||Any statement in the entire program can access variables.|
|Life||Life of a variable is created when the function block is entered and destroyed on its exit.||Life of a variable exists until the program is executing.|
|Storage||Variables are stored in a stack unless specified.||The compiler decides the storage location of a variable.|
9) What is the use of a static variable in C?
Following are the uses of a static variable:
- A variable that is declared as static is known as a static variable. The static variable retains its value between multiple function calls.
- Static variables are used because the scope of the static variable is available in the entire program. So, we can access a static variable anywhere in the program.
- The static variable is initially initialized to zero. If we update the value of a variable, then the updated value is assigned.
- The static variable is used as a common value that is shared by all the methods.
- The static variable is initialized only once in the memory heap to reduce memory usage.
10) What is the use of the function in C?
Uses of C function are:
- C functions are used to avoid rewriting the same code again and again in our program.
- C functions can be called any number of times from any place of our program.
- When a program is divided into functions, then any part of our program can easily be tracked.
- C functions provide the reusability concept, i.e., it breaks the big task into smaller tasks so that it makes the C program more understandable.
Following are the differences between a call by value and call by reference are:
|Call by value||Call by reference|
|Description||When a copy of the value is passed to the function, then the original value is not modified.||When a copy of the value is passed to the function, then the original value is modified.|
|Memory location||Actual arguments and formal arguments are created in separate memory locations.||Actual arguments and formal arguments are created in the same memory location.|
|Safety||In this case, actual arguments remain safe as they cannot be modified.||In this case, actual arguments are not reliable, as they are modified.|
|Arguments||The copies of the actual arguments are passed to the formal arguments.||The addresses of actual arguments are passed to their respective formal arguments.|